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USAID: South East Europe Regional Energy Planning Model Development and Analysis
Between 2005 and 2012, the DWG team supported two major USAID projects for the countries of Southeast Europe and Eurasia to develop a consistent regional approach for assessing energy demand, investment requirements and cooperation opportunities throughout the Energy Community Treaty by building national energy system planning capability. As part of the first project, Southeast Europe Regional Energy Demand Planning Project (SEE-REDP), which was conducted from 2005 to 2007, the DWG team created energy system planning capability by organizing and training teams from eight South East European countries, and worked closely with them to develop MARKAL-based national energy planning models for each country. The data for each model was assembled by the country experts, who were trained by the DWG team to understand and use their models to analyze a range of planning scenarios and priority issues facing the countries. Specific analyses focused on future energy requirements and the implications of economic growth in the region within the framework of the Energy Community.
In the Regional Energy Security and Market Development project (RESMD),which was conducted between 2008 and 2012, the DWG team built on the success of the SEE-REDP project and supported the development of models and appropriate energy planning capabilities in the latest Energy Community members (Moldova and Ukraine) and well as the Observer Countries (Armenia and Georgia). This initiative was carried out through the joint support of USAID and Hellenic AID, under the auspices of the SYNENERGY project, where the DWG team worked cooperatively with the Center for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES) (www.cres.gr/kape/index_eng.htm) to guide the undertaking, in close consultation with the energy Ministries in each country. The existing REDP models were updated and the suite of countries models were used to conduct assessments of the benefits and costs of Energy Community commitments (in line with European Union directives) for improved energy efficiency and promoting renewable energy, in addition to other policies of national interest. Country-specific Policy Briefs were prepared, and workshops held with government and other energy sector stakeholders.
USAID is now building upon these successes by combining the individual national models into an integrated EC-wide planning and investment analysis framework, which can be used to support the assessment of low emissions development strategies for the region.